04 - Nachtjägerstaffel Norwegen

 

 

 

 

And here are the

Nachtjägerstaffel Norwegen

all three types of airplane together for the first time since 1945

 

 

Type: There seat night fighter

Engines: BMW 801G, 1730Hk

(or.Jumo213 engines)

Armament: 6 x 20mm MK151 cannon and

one 13mm machine gun

Speed: 580km/h (360m.p.h) at sea level.

640km/h (398m.p.h) at 10,000 m altitude

Radar: FuG 220 and FuG 350 NaxosZ

 

 

The Cockpit

The cockpit is finished with a lot of Photo Etch.

The aircraft had a crew of three: Pilot, radar operator

and gunner.

The entrance to the cockpit was from the underside

of the aircraft.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cockpit is installed in the fuselage.

It is easy to see that the tail section is from the much largerJu188

 

 

The Propellers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I want the propellers to spin freely without being connected to an electric motor. A spinning propeller always gives a nice effect when I photograph the models. This is how I do it:

 

I glue a brass tube in the engine and a brass rod (which fits in the tube) to the spinner. By blowing at the propeller with a fan (hairdryer), the propeller spins at full throttle, as shown on the nacelle to the right. With the right lubrication, it spins by the lightest wind

 

Wheels and Landing Gear

Wheel well and landing gear are painted in

RLM 02 (light gray) with splashes dirt from

the wheels.

 

The landing gear is from Scale Aircraft

Conversions which is more accurate than the

gear from Dragon kit.

 

The hubs are black and the tires got a flat

pressure part (to the ground) thanks to an old iron.

The brake cables are wires from a lamp cord.

The starting point for the building of B4 + FA is

Dragon 1/48 Ju88G-6 Nachtjäger, dakaler from AIMS, PE from Eduard and other aftermarket stuff

 

 

The Ju88 G-6 is finished and we can decide how similar it is to

the old black/white photos from Kjevik in 1945.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note the Schräger cannons on the top of the plane.

They stick well out of the model, while they do not appear in b/w photos.

The reason is either that the canons was removed for maintenance or that the pictures are taken after

May 8th when the guns were dismantled.

One thing is for sure: The cannon barrels on the model are correct.

 

 

Decals

Decals are among the most important in a model.

 

Before applying decals, I always use Johnson Future on the model

to prevent silvering.

 

Micro Set and Micro Sole are also a must when working with decals.

 

After the decals are applied, I seal everything with another

layer of Future

 

Now the weathering is done and finally I apply a coat of finish

(I usually mix 2 parts Satin and 1 part Matt to get what I think is

a "right" finish on most of the German WWII aircraft).

 

Nachtjägerstaffel Norwegen, 1944/45

by Bjørn Jacobsen

 

The German Night Fighter Squadron “Norwegen” was born in November 1943 as part of

the 13 (Z) ./JG5 in Kirkenes (North Norway) when three Bf110G-4 night fighters were

added to the Geschwader.

 

The Geschwader operated from Kirkenes and from Petsamo and Nautsi in Finland.

 

In 1944 the squadron moved to Lista in South Norway and in November 1944, they were

officially named Nachtjägerstaffel Norwegen.

 

When established in South Norway, the Night Fighter Squadron had the following aircrafts:

He 219 A-0 W.Nr. 21090 B4+AA

Ju 88 G-6 W.Nr. 360176

Ju 88 G-1 W.Nr. 712249

Ju 88 G-1 W.Nr. 710865 B4+DA

Bf 110 G-4 W.Nr. 720058

Bf 110 G-4 W.Nr. 740049

Bf 110 G-4/R3 W.Nr. 110069

Bf 110 G-4/R3 W.Nr. 110087 B4+KA

Bf 110 G-4/R3 W.Nr. 110085

Bf 110 G-4/R8 W.Nr. 180378

 

The squadron was tasked to intercept

enemy aircraft over the North Sea and

the South of Norway and had the following

confirmed victories:

 

December 31st 1944: One Short Stirling

bomber near Lista.

 

February 22nd 1945: One Hallifax bomber

 

February 25th1945: One Hallifax and one

Stirling bomber

 

March 30th1945: Three Stirlings bombers .

 

Three of the squadrons Ju88 were shot

down during this period (over Tynset,

Krageø and Amdal)

In March the 4./NJG3 moved to Kjevik,

not far from Lista, and when the war ended

on May 8th The squadron had seven aircraft at Kjevik airport (five Ju-88 and two Bf 110. The He 219 was on loan to Denmark at that time).

 

On the 7th May, all of the aircraft were

ordered to fly to Kurland for evacuating

wounded German soldiers who were

encircled by Soviet troops.

 

The squadron pilots refused to obey this

absurd order, but under serious threats

from SS soldiers they had no choice, but

to take off.

 

Three aircraft were left at Kjevik (two Bf 110

and one Ju 88), while the rest (four Ju 88)

took off at dawn on May 8th.

 

None of them flew to Kurland. One landed

in Sweden, the others flew to Germany

 

 

 

 

 

 

The plan is to build one of each of the squadron’s aircrafts:

 

Ju 88 G-6 (B4+FA) which left Kjevik at dawn on May 8th and landed near Frankfurt where the

crew surrendered to the US Forces

Bf 110 G-4 (B4+KA) which remained at Kjevik airport

He 219A-0 (B4+AA) which was in Denmark (Copenhagen) on the war's final days.

 

Junkers Ju 88 G-6 B4+FA (W.Nr. 621197)

 

 

This was one of the planes that took off from Kjevik at dawn on May 8th. They defied the order to fly to Kurland and set instead course for to Germany. They managed to get all the way down to the Mannheim Sandhof (near Frankfurt) where they landed and surrendered to the US Forces

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Junkers Ju-88 was arguably the most versatile German aircraft during WWII. It was originally designed as a three-seat high-speed bomber in 1936 and developed continuously throughout the war to a true multi-role aircraft.

A top speed that matched most enemy fighters, great maneuverability and powerful armament provided the basis for a number of very successful versions (dive-bomber, fighter-bomber, attack-bomber, tank-killer, torpedo-bomber and night fighters to name a few) .

 

The G-Series of Ju-88 was one of the war's best night fighters and created major problems for the British night bombers.

 

It had a new fuselage to accommodate the “Schräge Musik” cannons, the FuG radar equipment and extra fuel. The vertical stabilizer / rudder were replaced with the larger Ju 188 tail to give the plane more stability. It was all built more than 2.700 Ju-88 night fighters.

 

The Canopy

The way out of the cockpit is from a hatch in the cockpit floor. The canopy is always closed.

Therefore, I glued the cockpit canopy on the fuselage right away

(If the canopy had been open, I had waited until later).

 

Note the ammunition belt and the yellow tube for the spent cartridges from the 13mm

machine gun in rear cockpit

 

In addition to the 13mm machine gun, the G-6 had two MG151 (20mm) cannons in

Schräge Position and 4 x MG151 under the belly.

 

There was nothing wrong with the firepower on this machine.

 

Notice the "container" on the cockpit ceiling.

It is a Fug 350 NaxosZ which is a rotating

Radar Warning antenna with a span of 50km

(31miles), designed to detect enemy night

fighters issued with radar detectors.

 

This antenna was only used on some

of the Ju88 variants..

 

 

 

 

Ready for Priming

The wings are glued to the fuselage and

joints and cracks are covered with

Mr. Surfacer and sanded.

 

All antennas are replaced with brass

rods (cut and adjusted) and the

FuG radar is mounted in the nose.

 

All places that should not be primed are

covered and the machine is ready for

the first coat of primer.

 

 

 

 

Pre-Shading

Nothing fancy, just an ordinary Vallejo

Surface Primer (Acrylic).

 

The Vallejo is easy to put on with airbrush

and has previously behaved well when

the camouflage paint is applied.

 

The "pre shading" is also very simple.

 

I just paint black panel lines

(with well thinned paint)

 

I do not airbrush, because it often

gives too broad lines. Sometimes

I even use a felt tip pen to draw the

panel lines.

 

The trick, of course, is not to put on a thick

layer of camouflage paint.

It will eventually cover the pre-shaded lines

completely, and all the pre-shading will

be in vain.

 

 

 

The Camouflage

There was a lot of different camouflage

pattern on the German night fighters.

 

This aircraft had a light blue color (RLM76)

all over the plane, except for the starboard

underwing and the underside of the

starboard nacelle which was painted black

 

This was done so the German Flak Crews

could recognize their own aircraft,

especially when caught in a search light

 

On the upper surfaces the plane was

painted with uneven spots (motting)

with RLM75 GrauViolett (Gray Violet)

interspersed with some patches of

RLM74 GrauGrün (Gray Green)

 

I never use the paint straight from the box.

The paint in the box is almost never correct,

mainly because of the scale displacement,

but also because of natural fading and

wear on the individual airplane.

 

I usually mix the color with 15-20% of lighter

paint, depending on aircraft type and the

general situation.

 

This effect can clearly be seen on the black

wing, which is actually not black, but

at a distance still looks black.

 

 

 

As navigation lights on the wing tips I

used small plastic beads in red and blue

to make it the lights as realistic as possible

 

And here are some more pictures of the finished model:

 

The Second Model:

 

Bf 110 G-4/R3 B4+KA W.Nr 1100087

 

The crew on this machine was pilot Fw. Kurt Keiling, radio operator Fw. Kurt

Schroter and aircraft mechanic Uffz Karl Stamminger.

 

They did not follow the order of evacuate on the May 8th and the plane was parked

at Kjevik airport when the war ended.

 

 

Type: Three-seat night fighter

Engines: Two Daimler-Benz 605-B1 , liquid cooled 12 cylinder, 1.475hp (take-off)

Armament: 2 x MG151 20mm cannons, and 2 x 30mm MK 108 cannons and a

7.9mm twin machine gun.

Speed: 315km/h (195m.p.h)at sea level, 548km/h (340m.p.h)at 6800 meter

Range; 900km (560miles), 2100km (1300miles) with two additional drop tanks

Radar: FuG 220 Lichtenstein SN-2b with vertical antennas mounted in an old fitting

 

 

B4+KA was painted with splinter camouflage of RLM74 (Gray Green) and RLM75 (Gray Violet) on the upper side of the wings and stabilizers

The underside was light blue (RLM76). The starboard lower wing and engine block was painted black. The top of the fuselage was painted

with patches of RLM74, RLM75 and RLM 83 (dark green)

 

 

 

The Third Model:

Heinkel He 219 A-0 Uhu B4+AA W.Nr 210901

The Ultimate German Night Fighter

 

 

The Heinkel 219 Uhu was an innovative and extremely effective night hunter. It was the first aircraft which was designed as 100% night fighter and its main task was to prevent the British nocturnal terror bombing of German cities.

 

The Norwegian night fighter squadron had one of these super planes. The aircraft was not at its base at Kjevik when the war ended, but he was on loan to Denmark.

 

Type: Two-seat night fighter

Engines: Two Daimler-Benz DB603G 12-cylinder liquid cooled with 1.900hp (take-off)

Armament: two 30mm MK108 cannons, two MG151 20mm cannons and two 30mm MK108 cannons (the last in Schräge position)

Speed: 665km/h (413m.p.h)at 6900 meters altitude, max cruising speed 625km/h (388m.p.h)

Range: 1,550km (963miles) at 625km/h 2000km (1242miles) at 540km/h

Radar: FuG 220 including Tail Warning Radar.

 

 

 

The building of the He 219 starts with a kit from Tamiya (1:48)

plus a number of After Market products that may come handy

as the building progress.

 

 

 

The Cockpit

The first to be built is the Uhu's cockpit.

 

The cockpit was real plunder because of all the small PE parts (from Edvard)

to be put in the right place.

 

The cockpit is painted

RLM66 (Gray Green),

mixed up with about 20%

white to get a reasonable

correct color strength.

 

The cockpit is mounted in

a metal frame so the

aircraft will gain weight

in the nose and not be a

tail sitter.

 

 

 

 

 

Flaps and Rudder

In the Tamiya kit, there are just the flaps that are

separated from the wings.

I would like to make the model as "lifelike" as possible,

and I therefore choose to cut out (with a scalpel)

both elevators and ailerons.

Then I will glue the pieces together and place the

rudders in an angle to the wing and stabilizer.

In this way I hope that the model should not be so static.

 

 

The Canopy

The antenna mast sits on the top of the rear canopy.

There are two antenna wires from the antenna mast -

one for each rudder. Experience tells me that it is not

optimal to use the plastic antenna supplied with the kit,

it is simply too weak to hold the antenna wires tight.

I therefore reinforce the inside of the canopy, burning

holes with a hot sewing needle and attach a brass rod

as the antenna mast.

This should allow the antenna wires to sit tight.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Armament

The He219 had a tremendous punch with up to six 20mm cannons under the belly and wing roots and two MK108 30mm cannons in Schräge position (ie they could shoot forward and upward).

 

B4+AA had a total of four 30mm and two 20mm cannons

 

The Schräge MK108 guns had so short barrels that the gun could be hidden completely in the fuselage without the cannon barrels poking out of the fuselage.

 

This was unlike the Ju88, which had the very long MK151 cannons clearly visible on the plane’s spine.

All the guns on the He 219 were located so far behind the pilot that the nozzle flames should not ruin their night vision.

 

 

The Wheel and Landing Gear

Wheels and landing gear are assembled and painted with RLM02 (gray green),

mixed up with 20% white to get the right color strength.

 

Wheel wells and wheel doors are also painted in RLM02.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Priming and Preshading

The fuselage has been assembled and is ready

for priming (with airbrush).

 

After the primer has dried, I paint aluminum on

the wing edges, nacelles and propeller blades

(where paint normally wears mostly).

 

When chipping some of the parts which are worn

most, the aluminum will appear and it will look worn.

 

I use a waterproof felt tip pen to trace all the panel

lines on this model.

 

I usually use a brush for this, but I find it sometimes

easier to get a straight line with a pen than with a

brush or an airbrush.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Camouflage

German night fighters were often painted in a very

light color, unlike Allied night fighters which were

largely completely black.

 

The camouflage on He219 varied from plane to plane,

from completely black to completely light,

or a mixture of both.

 

B4+AA was painted in RLM76 (light gray / blue)

with spots (mottling) of RLM75 (gray / purple) on top

of wings and fuselage.

 

The propeller blades were RLM02 (black / green)

and spinner RLM76.

 

 

 

RadarAntennas

Radar antennas FuG 220 is thin and fragile, at least in scale 1:48

A little help from a cardboard piece keeps the antennas in position while the glue dries.

The antennae of this machine was placed in an angle (as opposed to

Bf 110 G-4 antenna which was in vertical position)

 

 

 

 

Ju88-G6b and He119A-0 in their right element – hunting RAF night bombers. The background (above) is a painting of Nicokas Trudgian

 

I hope you enjoyed this website! Thank you for visiting!

 

Please do not hesitate to ask if you have questions (bjorn@dioramas-and-models.com)

 

Bjørn Jacobsen

 

 

Oct 2013