Nachtjägerstaffel Norwegen, 1944/45
by Bjørn Jacobsen
The German Night Fighter Squadron “Norwegen” was born in November 1943 as part of
the 13 (Z) ./JG5 in Kirkenes (North Norway) when three Bf110G-4 night fighters were
added to the Geschwader.
The Geschwader operated from Kirkenes and from Petsamo and Nautsi in Finland.
In 1944 the squadron moved to Lista in South Norway and in November 1944, they were
officially named Nachtjägerstaffel Norwegen.
When established in South Norway, the Night Fighter Squadron had the following aircrafts:
He 219 A-0 W.Nr. 21090 B4+AA
Ju 88 G-6 W.Nr. 360176
Ju 88 G-1 W.Nr. 712249
Ju 88 G-1 W.Nr. 710865 B4+DA
Bf 110 G-4 W.Nr. 720058
Bf 110 G-4 W.Nr. 740049
Bf 110 G-4/R3 W.Nr. 110069
Bf 110 G-4/R3 W.Nr. 110087 B4+KA
Bf 110 G-4/R3 W.Nr. 110085
Bf 110 G-4/R8 W.Nr. 180378
The squadron was tasked to intercept
enemy aircraft over the North Sea and
the South of Norway and had the following
December 31st 1944: One Short Stirling
bomber near Lista.
February 22nd 1945: One Hallifax bomber
February 25th1945: One Hallifax and one
March 30th1945: Three Stirlings bombers .
Three of the squadrons Ju88 were shot
down during this period (over Tynset,
Krageø and Amdal)
In March the 4./NJG3 moved to Kjevik,
not far from Lista, and when the war ended
on May 8th The squadron had seven aircraft at Kjevik airport (five Ju-88 and two Bf 110. The He 219 was on loan to Denmark at that time).
On the 7th May, all of the aircraft were
ordered to fly to Kurland for evacuating
wounded German soldiers who were
encircled by Soviet troops.
The squadron pilots refused to obey this
absurd order, but under serious threats
from SS soldiers they had no choice, but
to take off.
Three aircraft were left at Kjevik (two Bf 110
and one Ju 88), while the rest (four Ju 88)
took off at dawn on May 8th.
None of them flew to Kurland. One landed
in Sweden, the others flew to Germany
The plan is to build one of each of the squadron’s aircrafts:
Ju 88 G-6 (B4+FA) which left Kjevik at dawn on May 8th and landed near Frankfurt where the
crew surrendered to the US Forces
Bf 110 G-4 (B4+KA) which remained at Kjevik airport
He 219A-0 (B4+AA) which was in Denmark (Copenhagen) on the war's final days.
Junkers Ju 88 G-6 B4+FA (W.Nr. 621197)
This was one of the planes that took off from Kjevik at dawn on May 8th. They defied the order to fly to Kurland and set instead course for to Germany. They managed to get all the way down to the Mannheim Sandhof (near Frankfurt) where they landed and surrendered to the US Forces
The Junkers Ju-88 was arguably the most versatile German aircraft during WWII. It was originally designed as a three-seat high-speed bomber in 1936 and developed continuously throughout the war to a true multi-role aircraft.
A top speed that matched most enemy fighters, great maneuverability and powerful armament provided the basis for a number of very successful versions (dive-bomber, fighter-bomber, attack-bomber, tank-killer, torpedo-bomber and night fighters to name a few) .
The G-Series of Ju-88 was one of the war's best night fighters and created major problems for the British night bombers.
It had a new fuselage to accommodate the “Schräge Musik” cannons, the FuG radar equipment and extra fuel. The vertical stabilizer / rudder were replaced with the larger Ju 188 tail to give the plane more stability. It was all built more than 2.700 Ju-88 night fighters.
Type: There seat night fighter
Engines: BMW 801G, 1730Hk
Armament: 6 x 20mm MK151 cannon and
one 13mm machine gun
Speed: 580km/h (360m.p.h) at sea level.
640km/h (398m.p.h) at 10,000 m altitude
Radar: FuG 220 and FuG 350 NaxosZ
The cockpit is finished with a lot of Photo Etch.
The aircraft had a crew of three: Pilot, radar operator
The entrance to the cockpit was from the underside
of the aircraft.
Cockpit is installed in the fuselage.
It is easy to see that the tail section is from the much largerJu188
I want the propellers to spin freely without being connected to an electric motor. A spinning propeller always gives a nice effect when I photograph the models. This is how I do it:
I glue a brass tube in the engine and a brass rod (which fits in the tube) to the spinner. By blowing at the propeller with a fan (hairdryer), the propeller spins at full throttle, as shown on the nacelle to the right. With the right lubrication, it spins by the lightest wind
Wheels and Landing Gear
Wheel well and landing gear are painted in
RLM 02 (light gray) with splashes dirt from
The landing gear is from Scale Aircraft
Conversions which is more accurate than the
gear from Dragon kit.
The hubs are black and the tires got a flat
pressure part (to the ground) thanks to an old iron.
The brake cables are wires from a lamp cord.
The starting point for the building of B4 + FA is
Dragon 1/48 Ju88G-6 Nachtjäger, dakaler from AIMS, PE from Eduard and other aftermarket stuff
The way out of the cockpit is from a hatch in the cockpit floor. The canopy is always closed.
Therefore, I glued the cockpit canopy on the fuselage right away
(If the canopy had been open, I had waited until later).
Note the ammunition belt and the yellow tube for the spent cartridges from the 13mm
machine gun in rear cockpit
In addition to the 13mm machine gun, the G-6 had two MG151 (20mm) cannons in
Schräge Position and 4 x MG151 under the belly.
There was nothing wrong with the firepower on this machine.
Notice the "container" on the cockpit ceiling.
It is a Fug 350 NaxosZ which is a rotating
Radar Warning antenna with a span of 50km
(31miles), designed to detect enemy night
fighters issued with radar detectors.
This antenna was only used on some
of the Ju88 variants..
Ready for Priming
The wings are glued to the fuselage and
joints and cracks are covered with
Mr. Surfacer and sanded.
All antennas are replaced with brass
rods (cut and adjusted) and the
FuG radar is mounted in the nose.
All places that should not be primed are
covered and the machine is ready for
the first coat of primer.
Nothing fancy, just an ordinary Vallejo
Surface Primer (Acrylic).
The Vallejo is easy to put on with airbrush
and has previously behaved well when
the camouflage paint is applied.
The "pre shading" is also very simple.
I just paint black panel lines
(with well thinned paint)
I do not airbrush, because it often
gives too broad lines. Sometimes
I even use a felt tip pen to draw the
The trick, of course, is not to put on a thick
layer of camouflage paint.
It will eventually cover the pre-shaded lines
completely, and all the pre-shading will
be in vain.
There was a lot of different camouflage
pattern on the German night fighters.
This aircraft had a light blue color (RLM76)
all over the plane, except for the starboard
underwing and the underside of the
starboard nacelle which was painted black
This was done so the German Flak Crews
could recognize their own aircraft,
especially when caught in a search light
On the upper surfaces the plane was
painted with uneven spots (motting)
with RLM75 GrauViolett (Gray Violet)
interspersed with some patches of
RLM74 GrauGrün (Gray Green)
I never use the paint straight from the box.
The paint in the box is almost never correct,
mainly because of the scale displacement,
but also because of natural fading and
wear on the individual airplane.
I usually mix the color with 15-20% of lighter
paint, depending on aircraft type and the
This effect can clearly be seen on the black
wing, which is actually not black, but
at a distance still looks black.
As navigation lights on the wing tips I
used small plastic beads in red and blue
to make it the lights as realistic as possible
The Ju88 G-6 is finished and we can decide how similar it is to
the old black/white photos from Kjevik in 1945.
Note the Schräger cannons on the top of the plane.
They stick well out of the model, while they do not appear in b/w photos.
The reason is either that the canons was removed for maintenance or that the pictures are taken after
May 8th when the guns were dismantled.
One thing is for sure: The cannon barrels on the model are correct.
And here are some more pictures of the finished model:
The Second Model:
Bf 110 G-4/R3 B4+KA W.Nr 1100087
The crew on this machine was pilot Fw. Kurt Keiling, radio operator Fw. Kurt
Schroter and aircraft mechanic Uffz Karl Stamminger.
They did not follow the order of evacuate on the May 8th and the plane was parked
at Kjevik airport when the war ended.
Type: Three-seat night fighter
Engines: Two Daimler-Benz 605-B1 , liquid cooled 12 cylinder, 1.475hp (take-off)
Armament: 2 x MG151 20mm cannons, and 2 x 30mm MK 108 cannons and a
7.9mm twin machine gun.
Speed: 315km/h (195m.p.h)at sea level, 548km/h (340m.p.h)at 6800 meter
Range; 900km (560miles), 2100km (1300miles) with two additional drop tanks
Radar: FuG 220 Lichtenstein SN-2b with vertical antennas mounted in an old fitting
B4+KA was painted with splinter camouflage of RLM74 (Gray Green) and RLM75 (Gray Violet) on the upper side of the wings and stabilizers
The underside was light blue (RLM76). The starboard lower wing and engine block was painted black. The top of the fuselage was painted
with patches of RLM74, RLM75 and RLM 83 (dark green)
The Third Model:
Heinkel He 219 A-0 Uhu B4+AA W.Nr 210901
The Ultimate German Night Fighter
The Heinkel 219 Uhu was an innovative and extremely effective night hunter. It was the first aircraft which was designed as 100% night fighter and its main task was to prevent the British nocturnal terror bombing of German cities.
The Norwegian night fighter squadron had one of these super planes. The aircraft was not at its base at Kjevik when the war ended, but he was on loan to Denmark.
Type: Two-seat night fighter
Engines: Two Daimler-Benz DB603G 12-cylinder liquid cooled with 1.900hp (take-off)
Armament: two 30mm MK108 cannons, two MG151 20mm cannons and two 30mm MK108 cannons (the last in Schräge position)
Speed: 665km/h (413m.p.h)at 6900 meters altitude, max cruising speed 625km/h (388m.p.h)
Range: 1,550km (963miles) at 625km/h 2000km (1242miles) at 540km/h
Radar: FuG 220 including Tail Warning Radar.
The building of the He 219 starts with a kit from Tamiya (1:48)
plus a number of After Market products that may come handy
as the building progress.
The first to be built is the Uhu's cockpit.
The cockpit was real plunder because of all the small PE parts (from Edvard)
to be put in the right place.
The cockpit is painted
RLM66 (Gray Green),
mixed up with about 20%
white to get a reasonable
correct color strength.
The cockpit is mounted in
a metal frame so the
aircraft will gain weight
in the nose and not be a
Flaps and Rudder
In the Tamiya kit, there are just the flaps that are
separated from the wings.
I would like to make the model as "lifelike" as possible,
and I therefore choose to cut out (with a scalpel)
both elevators and ailerons.
Then I will glue the pieces together and place the
rudders in an angle to the wing and stabilizer.
In this way I hope that the model should not be so static.
The antenna mast sits on the top of the rear canopy.
There are two antenna wires from the antenna mast -
one for each rudder. Experience tells me that it is not
optimal to use the plastic antenna supplied with the kit,
it is simply too weak to hold the antenna wires tight.
I therefore reinforce the inside of the canopy, burning
holes with a hot sewing needle and attach a brass rod
as the antenna mast.
This should allow the antenna wires to sit tight.
The He219 had a tremendous punch with up to six 20mm cannons under the belly and wing roots and two MK108 30mm cannons in Schräge position (ie they could shoot forward and upward).
B4+AA had a total of four 30mm and two 20mm cannons
The Schräge MK108 guns had so short barrels that the gun could be hidden completely in the fuselage without the cannon barrels poking out of the fuselage.
This was unlike the Ju88, which had the very long MK151 cannons clearly visible on the plane’s spine.
All the guns on the He 219 were located so far behind the pilot that the nozzle flames should not ruin their night vision.
The Wheel and Landing Gear
Wheels and landing gear are assembled and painted with RLM02 (gray green),
mixed up with 20% white to get the right color strength.
Wheel wells and wheel doors are also painted in RLM02.
Priming and Preshading
The fuselage has been assembled and is ready
for priming (with airbrush).
After the primer has dried, I paint aluminum on
the wing edges, nacelles and propeller blades
(where paint normally wears mostly).
When chipping some of the parts which are worn
most, the aluminum will appear and it will look worn.
I use a waterproof felt tip pen to trace all the panel
lines on this model.
I usually use a brush for this, but I find it sometimes
easier to get a straight line with a pen than with a
brush or an airbrus
German night fighters were often painted in a very
light color, unlike Allied night fighters which were
largely completely black.
The camouflage on He219 varied from plane to plane,
from completely black to completely light,
or a mixture of both.
B4+AA was painted in RLM76 (light gray / blue)
with spots (mottling) of RLM75 (gray / purple) on top
of wings and fuselage.
The propeller blades were RLM02 (black / green)
and spinner RLM76.
Radar antennas FuG 220 is thin and fragile, at least in scale 1:48
A little help from a cardboard piece keeps the antennas in position while the glue dries.
The antennae of this machine was placed in an angle (as opposed to
Bf 110 G-4 antenna which was in vertical position)
Decals are among the most important in a model.
Before applying decals, I always use Johnson Future on the model
to prevent silvering.
Micro Set and Micro Sole are also a must when working with decals.
After the decals are applied, I seal everything with another
layer of Future
Now the weathering is done and finally I apply a coat of finish
(I usually mix 2 parts Satin and 1 part Matt to get what I think is
a "right" finish on most of the German WWII aircraft).
And here are the
all three types of airplane together for the first time since 1945
Ju88-G6b and He119A-0 in their right element – hunting RAF night bombers. The background (above) is a painting of Nicokas Trudgian
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