19 - Messerschmitt Bf 109

Messerschmitt Bf 109

by Bjørn Jacobsen

The Messerschmitt Bf 109 was designed in the mid-1930s by Dr.Willy Messerschmitt and built by Bayerische Flugzeugwerke  (Bf)

It was one of the first truly modern fighters of the era,

including such features as all-metal monocoque

construction, a closed canopy, a retractable landing gear,

and was powered by a liquid-cooled, inverted-V12

aero engine.

The Bf 109 first saw operational service during the Spanish

Civil War and was still in service at the dawn of the jet age

at the end of World War II, during which time it was the

backbone of the Luftwaffe's fighter force.

Originally conceived as an interceptor, later models were

developed to fulfil multiple tasks, serving as bomber escort,

fighter-bomber, day-, night-, all-weather fighter,

ground-attack aircraft, and as reconnaissance aircraft.

It was supplied to and operated by several states during

WWII, and served with several countries for many years

after the war.

The Bf 109 was the most produced fighter aircraft in

history, with a total of 33,984 airframes produced from

1936 up to April 1945.

The models on this page represent three of the many

Bf 109s: Bf 109 E-1 (Emil), Bf 109 G-6 and G-14 (Gustav)

Some of the many models of the impressive Bf 109 series. The Bf 109 was the first truly multi-purpose fighter construction.