Messerschmitt Bf 109
by Bjørn Jacobsen
The Messerschmitt Bf 109 was designed in the mid-1930s by Dr.Willy Messerschmitt and built by Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (Bf)
It was one of the first truly modern fighters of the era,
including such features as all-metal monocoque
construction, a closed canopy, a retractable landing gear,
and was powered by a liquid-cooled, inverted-V12
The Bf 109 first saw operational service during the Spanish
Civil War and was still in service at the dawn of the jet age
at the end of World War II, during which time it was the
backbone of the Luftwaffe's fighter force.
Originally conceived as an interceptor, later models were
developed to fulfil multiple tasks, serving as bomber escort,
fighter-bomber, day-, night-, all-weather fighter,
ground-attack aircraft, and as reconnaissance aircraft.
It was supplied to and operated by several states during
WWII, and served with several countries for many years
after the war.
The Bf 109 was the most produced fighter aircraft in
history, with a total of 33,984 airframes produced from
1936 up to April 1945.
The models on this page represent three of the many
Bf 109s: Bf 109 E-1 (Emil), Bf 109 G-6 and G-14 (Gustav)
Some of the many models of the impressive Bf 109 series. The Bf 109 was the first truly multi-purpose fighter construction.