73 - Supermarine Walrus in action

Building the Walrus

"The sea shall not have them"

.

The Supermarine Walrus in action

 

models and diorama by Bjørn Jacobsen

 

It is difficult to think of an aircraft design so

markedly different from the sleek and elegant

Spitfire, but the Supermarine Walrus amphibious

biplane was from the same designer!

 

Despite its somewhat ungainly appearance, the

Walrus proved to be an incredibly effective aircraft

and flexible enough to take on a number of roles in

some of the most demanding operating

environments.

 

Although outdated when the WW2 started (it went

into service in 1935), it gained fame and respect,

not only for its usefulness as a reconnaissance plane but also for its toughness. It was able to withstand the forces of a catapult launch as well as landing and taxing on often rough North Atlantic and Pacific oceans.

A total of 740 Walruses were built..

 

As the war raged on, the Walrus was soon to be

found patrolling the skies over the English Channel,

rescuing downed pilots from both sides and saving

thousands of lives in the process.

 

The Walrus was known by many unofficial names

such as "The Ugly Duckling" and "The Steam

Pigeon", but it was most affectionately known as

the "Shagbat".

 

But if you were one of the thousand airmen and

sailors rescued by the Walrus in World War 2, you would likely say that it was the most beautiful amphibious biplane ever built.

 

Air-sea rescue

The Walrus is probably best known for its extensive

air-sea rescue around the British Iles.

The Walrus had normally a crew of three (pilot,

navigator and radio operator). .

 

Rescuing a wounded or unconscious airman was

always very difficult for the Walrus crew.

His soaking wet uniform always added to the

weight when they hoisted him into the Walrus.

Once aboard, they would strip him of his wet clothing, wrap him in blankets and get some hot soup down his neck while the pilot tried to get them home, either by flying or taxing.

 

The heavy bombers had a crew of up to ten, and if they had to ditch or bail out over the sea, the Walrus crew would have a hard time to get them into the small amphibian, and with no chance of taking off. Taxing would be the only change to reach shore.

 

When the Walrus picked up survivors from a liferaft;

one crewmember opened the front hatch, and the

pilot taxed past the dinghy.

The man in the front had a rope with a hock in the

end. The idea was to hock the dinghy and let it float

under the wing and let it end up at the rear hatch

which was much lower in the water than the front

one. The second crew member would then grab the

raft and haul the occupant or occupants aboard.

 

It there was several survivors to be picked up, they

often had to make several passes before they could

pick up all. The reason was that the pilot was very

reluctant to shut down the engine as the procedure for restating was very tricky: A crewmember had to climb out of the cabin and insert a crank handle in the engine. With both hands, he had to turn the handle until sufficient revs were reached to keep the flywheel rotating. At this point, the crank was withdrawn, a small magnetic handle rotated, and at the same time, a wire toggle was pulled, which, if lucky, caused the engine to spring into life. All, these tasks had to be performed while the hull was rocking and breaking with each wave, and when the engine finally started, the propeller blades were whirring a few feet from the crewmember’s head! No wonder they rather would get around for another pass, than stop the Walrus!

 

Here is an example of the courage, honour

and hardship of the life-savers in the Walrus:

In late afternoon 14 December 1942, six men on a raft was spotted by a Walrus 10 miles (16 km) east of Dover.

The sea was rough, but the Walrus landed immediately, even if they knew that with the waves and additional weight, they would not be able to take off again.

They made three passes to pick up the survivors in the raft. Unfortunately, some men had been swept from the raft, and they continued to search for the missing persons even if the Walrus had started to fill with water.

They managed to recover another man after struggling 30 minutes to turn into the wind. By now, it was completely dark, and they had to abandon the search and started to taxi towards Dover.

The Walrus continued to ship water, but after two hours of coaxing the wallowing amphibian through mounting waves, they reach the Dover harbour.

Here, the harbour master reprimanded them for not getting permission to bring their sinking aircraft into his harbour!

But the best of all, the survivors they brought to safety were German sailors!

The pilot, Tom Fletcher, was awarded an immediate bar to his DFM.

The Diorama

The diorama shows a Walrus, rescuing two downed airmen.

 

It’s a fact that the British crew in

the Walruses saved German

airmen and sailors from the sea

and I was tempted to let them

rescue a German crew in the

diorama but was unsure how it

would be received by the model

community.

 

I, therefore, put the question

(German or Allied?) to ten of the

largest Facebook modelling groups

and got an overwhelming majority

that wanted the Walrus to save

German flyboys!

 

I decided to let the two survivors

come from a German Bf 110.

 

Of course, the German plane would hardly be floating. It would probably have sunk soon after the landing in the sea.

 

But; If the unlikely occurred and the Bf 110 was still floating, the Walrus would not have taxed so close to the wreck, it had been too hazardous.

 

Therefore, the diorama has several errors, but for the sake of making an exciting and compact diorama, I chose to let the Bf 110 be floating, and I let the Walrus dangerously close to the wreck.

 

The new 1/48 kit from Airfix is, without doubt, one of the best I have ever laid my eyes on! It is easy to build, everything fits great, and it has details which you only see in a modern-tooled kit.

 

All surface detail is superbly rendered with fine panel line and rivet detail, and there are a lot of individual details, such as footholds, wing root connection, radius arm and catapult spool locations and so on.

 

Inside the fuselage, the various frames and other constructional elements are fully reproduced. It is an only pity that these details will be hidden as soon as the fuselage is glued together.

 

You can build the Walrus with folded wings, but I chose to make it with unfolded wings.

 

The rigging might be a problem because there are a lot of wires to be fixed in place.

 

I used the elastic EZ tread which will always be tight and is easily fixed to the plastic with a drop of CA-glue.

 

The Walrus was initially built with the wheels down because I would like to photograph the amphibian on the tarmac before it took off for the rescue operation.

Afterwards, I retracted the landing gears and prepared the plane for the sea.

 

The propeller was fixed to a propeller shaft which rotated freely. It was only to blow on the propeller (in this case with a hair dryer), and it would spin nicely.

 

I made a crew of three:

 

One pilot in the cockpit, one crew member in the open front hatch, throwing the rescue line (thin metal wire) to the men in the dinghy, and one crew member in the aft hatch ready to haul the survivors aboard.

 

The second crew member is standing in the aft hatch waiting to pick up the guys in the raft.

 

The pilot is looking out of the opened cockpit window and manoeuvring the plane as close to the survivors as possible.

 

The pictures from the top show the progress in the building of the Walrus.

 

The assembling of the fuselage, the engine, priming, pre-shading, camouflage and decals.

 

To the left:

The Walrus in the diorama, clearly showing the three crew members in position.

 

Below:

The finished Walrus with the wheels down.

 

The Messerschmitt Bf 110E Zerstörer

The Bf 110 was an old model which I made some years ago.

It was ready for the bin, and it was, therefore, no big deal to make a wreck out of it.

 

I had to rip off most of the right wing and saw off the under nacelles and nose to make it ready for the water.

 

The idea was to place it so deep that part of the aircraft could be seen through the water while the tail and the port wing was above water.

 

As a gimmick. I placed a white bird on the Bf 110 tail.

 

This might be an ordinary seabird, but it could also be a Peace Dove which was watching over this extraordinarily rescue mission! I leave any interpretation to you.

 

The main parts of the drama

in the middle of the English Channel:

The Supermarine Walrus Mk1

The Messerchmitt Bf 110E Zerstörer

The Dinghy

 

The two men in the dinghy is a resin kit from Czech Master’s.

 

The dinghy was low in the water with the waves and sea spray making the men soaking wet and cold.

 

They raise their arms to catch the safety-rope thrown from the Walrus

Building the Base

The Styrofoam Plate Caving out the waves and the aircraft

Paper Mache for making the waves Painting with white/black acrylic

Testing the props Adding blue and green colours

This is what I used to make the sea: (From left) Paper Mache, Acrylic colours, Water Effects and

Realistic Water (Woodland), satin and matt varnish, brushes.

The base was a Styrofoam plate

60 x 60 x 10cm (24 x 24 x 4 in) on which I marked the position of the three elements: The Walrus, the

Bf 110 and the dinghy.

 

The first I had to do was to carve out space for waves and aircraft in the Styrofoam with a knife (and produce a lot of small Styrofoam bits that are almost impossible to get rid of).

Then I used Paper Mache to sculpt the waves.

 

Using a plastic sheet to avoid getting the aircraft and dinghy in the smeared with sticky Mache, I could make exactly fitting room for the models in the wet Mache.

When making waves, you always have a choice of how rough you want the sea to be. I decided I needed some heavy waves to make the diorama more exciting.

 

When the Paper Mache had dried, I painted the sea with acrylic colours.

The first layer with grey/black and then layers with blue/green colours.

The white sea spray was painted last.

The wind is stark, and this means I had to paint not only the sea spray but also the white wind stripes on the waves.

The water above the Bf 110 starboard wing was made by Natural Water in several layers so it would look like the plane was disappearing deep into the water.

 

The whole surface of the sea was covered with Natural Water, hoping to make it look like “water”.

Wrong. It made the sea far too shiny(!) and did not look natural at all.

I, therefore, had to use a mix of satin and matt vanish to get the sea more natural and at the same time added new colours to some of the waves.

 

The last I did was to add some “Water Effects” to the top of the waves, around the aircraft and the digyny where the sea spray was most visible.

This gave the sea spray a wet look.

Placing the Bf 110 in the sea: Adding artificial water and acrylic colours until it looks good

The Background

 

 

I painted a rather gloomy and overcast sky on a piece of cardboard for the backdrop, using an airbrush.

 

The sea was rough, and it looks like it was getting worse by the hours.

 

This was after all in the middle of a war, and

there was no reason to make the surrounding

too bright.

 

And here is the result:

The Supermarine Walrus on an Air-Sea Rescue Operation, spotting a dinghy with two men.

Landing and rescuing. “The sea shall not have them!”

 

I hope you enjoyed this website!

 

Thank you for visiting.

 

Please do not hesitate to contact me if you have questions or comments

(bjorn@dioramas-and-models.com)

 

Bjørn Jacobsen

 

May 2018